Morocco’s New Economic Model in its Western Sahara

Rabat – As part of a new economic model for its most southern provinces (dubbed in mainstream media as Western Sahara), Morocco will invest nearly MAD 77 billion in Laâyoune, Dakhla, and Tarfaya, as announced at a ceremony marking the signing of agreements, presided over by King Mohamed VI on November 7 in Laâyoune.

Morocco’s new economic model for the south is based on five main foundations designed to develop and industrialize the economy of the southern provinces.

In the fisheries sector, one of the main natural resources of the area, access to fishery resources will be conditioned upon the optimization of catches and production at the local level. The development plan provides for the launch of six development projects for pelagic species in Dakhla up to MAD 1.2 billion. These projects will create 4,300 jobs. In addition, MAD 2.8 billion will be invested in the aqua-culture sector in the same region, creating 3,500 direct jobs.

Agriculture

In agriculture, a series of planned projects in the Southern provinces will ensure an important competitive advantage for the region. This will include the enhancement of 5,000 hectares of greenhouse agricultural products in Dakhla, and another 1000 hectares in Boujdour.

The exploitation of local natural resources also seeks to enhance phosphate production by Phosboucraâ, a subsidiary of the Office Chérifien des Phosphates (OCP) based in Laâyoune. Chief Executive Officer of OCP, Mustapha Terrab, underlined that “investment projects include the whole production chain from the mine site to exportation, with an investment of MAD 16.8 billion.”

Tourism

Tourism will also benefit from this development model, addressing mostly the beach, desert, culture, and niche products. This will offer 800 direct job opportunities.

Infrastructure

As for infrastructure, cities in the southern provinces will be equipped with sea water desalination plants, particularly for drinking water. These stations will also help meet the needs of industrial activities in Laâyoune and irrigation of agricultural projects in Dakhla.

In addition, a highway, connecting Tiznit and Laâyoune (555 km) will be constructed with a budget package of MAD 6.2 billion. National road No. 1, between Laâyoune and Dakhla will also be expanded with a budget of MAD 2.3 billion.

Renewable Energies

Wind power stations with a capacity of 500 MW are planned in Boujdour and Tiskrad Akhefennir. Photovoltaic solar plants are expected to be built in Laâyoune (80 MW) and Boujdour (20 MW).

The southern provinces are also expected to become an export platform to Africa through the construction of the Dakhla Atlantic Port scheduled to be built as part of the new development model. The port infrastructure will include the development of product processing activities and exports to Africa. MAD 6 billion will be invested in the construction of the port, complementing the activities of the northern Moroccan port of Tangiers Med.

The new development model comes as part of the advanced regionalization plan adopted by Morocco, upgrading the governance, ensuring transparency, and initiating a new development compact between the State and the southern region.

The Way to Raise our children in Morocco.

First of all, I’d like to introduce myself; I’m a 23 yo Moroccan, born and raised in Dokkala, El Jadida city.

This is one of the ideas and questions that I’ve heard people asking and talking about so many times. When I opened this blog, the thoughts of writing about that issue, were buzzing round and round inside my head. Meanwhile, I chose  to talk about it not because I’m familiar with this stuff or such like, but just writing my own perspective that i believe it’s true and helpful.

Before getting into the crux, we need to be aware of that, the most and foremost important thing is the environment where these children are going to be raised, and the people who will be growing up with, because they are going to be manipulated and dictated to what they see and hear from whom around them; they do and say everything they hear and see during their daily life, Specially their parents’ deeds, whether it’s bad or good.
Morocco is the country where the genius folks live for many reasons (geographical location, weather,… Etc.) but there are many hurdles to overcome. In the last decade, Morocco has seen a lot heinous deeds by a group of adults and teens (Tsharmile; like the bad ghetto people in the US); some trying to kill for money, some get addicted to drugs and its derivatives for no reason. Therefore, I insist to focus on the environment, try to control and manipulate your child at an early age with some good habits. And i’m saying control him/her not to hitting him as the most of Moroccans do; try to control his mentality and thinking by imposing some good ideas and believes, letting him/her perceive who is and for what reason is alive, letting and helping him/her to know about his/her dreams and future career. And never suppress him/her when he/she is asking or questioning about something, even when it is irrelevant.

Western Sahara and its bid for independence.

I presume everybody know that Morocco included territories extending to Senegal from the south and territories in Algeria from the east (That’s a not so distant history). But, let’s not focus on history and talk about the present and may be a glimpse at the future.

   Fact 1: September 2015, Morocco held its most democratic elections in “recent” history, guess what? “Western Sahara” registered the highest voting rate.
Now, why would PEOPLE from “Western Sahara” vote for a government they want to be separated from? It doesn’t make sense. My point is that, it’s not the people living in “Western Sahara” who wants independence, it’s a corrupted “Algerian puppets” group of separatists or even a different kind of terrorists who are seeking this.
   Fact 2: I went there, I know friends who were born there, I know friends who worked there And they surprised me when they told me this : – Salaries are almost double, The cost of life is cut in half compared to the rest of Moroccan Provinces, Water and Electricity are almost free, massive future projects in Morocco are born there (e.g. One of the biggest Solar power farms on the planet…)… Etc..

Now, why would Algeria support a separatist movement? One reason is an opening on the Atlantic ocean, which is still a very young unexplored natural reserve of multiple “vital” resources like Petroleum and Gaz besides its diverse fish ecosystem. Another reason is the Phosphates massive reserves (Morocco is N° 1 globally). Another “Probably naive” reason could be cutting direct liaisons of Morocco to the rest of the African countries, which could be thought of as a strategic cold-war style goal since Morocco is considered the second economical leader in the continent after South Africa (Which is against Moroccan sovereignty) and FYI, the Moroccan strategic economical leadership plan is called “South-South cooperation”.

I don’t really give a damn about borders, I consider myself a citizen of earth, but I guess we have to go with the flow regarding this aspect. And since this is the case, Let me tell you that the Sahara is part of Morocco and Morocco is incomplete without its Sahara, the people of the Sahara are like every other Moroccan citizen (I’m ashamed to even make the comparison), they even dominate some categories of businesses in central Morocco (Mainly Casablanca and Rabat the capital).

Our grandparents, freed the Sahara from the Spanish colonization bare handed (Look for the Green March) and in the following days the Algerian government ousted the Moroccans who were legal residents in Algeria.

The Sahraouis don’t want independence from their home, and hell yeah, we will defend it against every oppressor and intruder.keep-calm-because-sahara-is-moroccan

Artist Draws Her Cat In 12 Different Styles From Disney To Tim Burton

Julija K., an animation student in Germany who goes by Miyuli online, has created a fun series of images in which she uses her cat to explore different illustration styles. The cat, who remains nameless, goes through radical transformations as he (or she) turns into cats that could’ve been drawn by Disney, Tim Burton or even Dr. Seuss!

When she’s not busy drawing her (probably now thoroughly exasperated) cat, Miyuli draws wonderful fan art and other illustrations. Make sure you check out the rest of her work!

MiyuLi

Soul-Sucking Photos Show How Phone Addiction Is Stealing Our Souls

French photographer Antoine Geiger creates photos of people having their faces sucked into their cellphones. The project, titled SUR-FAKE, touches on issues of technology dependance and addiction: “It is placing the screen as an object of ‘mass subculture’, alienating the relation to our own body, and more generally to the physical world.”

Antoine Geiger is a 20-year-old photographer who’s lived in England, France and the Netherlands. Over the last two years, he’s had four exhibitions, and been mentioned or published in print ten times.

screens-stealing-soul-sur-fake-antoine-geiger-23 screens-stealing-soul-sur-fake-antoine-geiger-20 screens-stealing-soul-sur-fake-antoine-geiger-28 screens-stealing-soul-sur-fake-antoine-geiger-31 screens-stealing-soul-sur-fake-antoine-geiger-27 screens-stealing-soul-sur-fake-antoine-geiger-27 screens-stealing-soul-sur-fake-antoine-geiger-25

Fountain Outside The Cincinnati Public Library

This fountain, affectionately known as the “book fountain,” stands outside of the Cincinnati Main Library. According to the library, “the sculpture features water cascading over a stack of ceramic tile books, representing the free flow of information and ideas through the printed word.” Designed by Michael Frasca and dedicated in 1990, the Amelia Valerio Weinberg Memorial Fountain “was made possible by a bequest from Mrs. Weinberg.”

The Amelia Valerio Weinberg Memorial Fountain, by sculptor Michael Frasca, was dedicated in 1990.

Happy Holiday

 Al hamdo liLLah

Praise be to Allah !  I’ve been  studying, workign so hard, simultaneously this year, in two different universities (University of Chouaib Dokkali – “Department of English studies” , and private institute of Pigier for “Computer Science”). I did it, succeeded, and I’m so elated now.

Now, i’m on holiday in Oualidia, having fun with my family; playing soccer, fishing, hunting rabbits and pigeons… I’m not that kind of people who spend the whole days sleeping and playing PS or Xbox 😀

.oualidia

The Difference Between Sunni and Shia Muslims :

Question: What’s the Difference Between Sunni and Shia Muslims?

Sunni-Muslims-in-Iran vs Ayatollah-Ali-Khamenei-le-007

Answer: Both Sunni and Shia Muslims share the most fundamental Islamic beliefs and articles of faith. The differences between these two main sub-groups within Islam initially stemmed not from spiritual differences, but political ones. Over the centuries, however, these political differences have spawned a number of varying practices and positions which have come to carry a spiritual significance.

Origins – A Question of Leadership

The division between Shia and Sunni dates back to the death of the Prophet Muhammad, and the question of who was to take over the leadership of the Muslim nation. Sunni Muslims agree with the position taken by many of the Prophet’s companions, that the new leader should be elected from among those capable of the job. This is what was done, and the Prophet Muhammad’s close friend and advisor, Abu Bakr, became the first Caliph of the Islamic nation. The word “Sunni” in Arabic comes from a word meaning “one who follows the traditions of the Prophet.”

On the other hand, some Muslims share the belief that leadership should have stayed within the Prophet’s own family, among those specifically appointed by him, or among Imams appointed by God Himself.

The Shia Muslims believe that following the Prophet Muhammad’s death, leadership should have passed directly to his cousin/son-in-law, Ali bin Abu Talib. Throughout history, Shia Muslims have not recognized the authority of elected Muslim leaders, choosing instead to follow a line of Imams which they believe have been appointed by the Prophet Muhammad or God Himself. The word “Shia” in Arabic means a group or supportive party of people. The commonly-known term is shortened from the historical “Shia-t-Ali,” or “the Party of Ali.” They are also known as followers of “Ahl-al-Bayt” or “People of the Household” (of the Prophet).

 Distribution

Sunni Muslims make up the majority (85%) of Muslims all over the world. Significant populations of Shia Muslims can be found in Iran and Iraq, and large minority communities in Yemen, Bahrain, Syria, and Lebanon.

Differences in Religious Practice

From this initial question of political leadership, some aspects of spiritual life have been affected and now differ between the two groups of Muslims.

It is important to remember that despite these differences in opinion and practice, Shia and Sunni Muslims share the main articles of Islamic belief and are considered by most to be brethren in faith. In fact, most Muslims do not distinguish themselves by claiming membership in any particular group, but prefer to call themselves simply, “Muslims.”

Religious Leadership

Shia Muslims believe that the Imam is sinless by nature, and that his authority is infallible as it comes directly from God. Therefore, Shia Muslims often venerate the Imams as saints and perform pilgrimages to their tombs and shrines in the hopes of divine intercession.

Sunni Muslims counter that there is no basis in Islam for a hereditary privileged class of spiritual leaders, and certainly no basis for the veneration or intercession of saints. Sunni Muslims contend that leadership of the community is not a birthright, but a trust that is earned and which may be given or taken away by the people themselves.

Religious Texts and Practices

Shia Muslims also feel animosity towards some of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad, based on their positions and actions during the early years of discord about leadership in the community. Many of these companions ( Abu Bakr , Umar ibn Al Khattab , Aisha, etc.) have narrated traditions about the Prophet’s life and spiritual practice. Shia Muslims reject these traditions ( hadith ) and do not base any of their religious practices on the testimony of these individuals. This naturally gives rise to some differences in religious practice between the two groups. These differences touch all detailed aspects of religious life: prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, etc.

For more detailed information about the historical context of the Shia/Sunni split, and modern-day interpretations and repercussions, please visit the links below.

12 Simple Differences Between Catholics and Protestants

Twelve Differences Between Catholics and Protestants:

1. The Pope. Catholics have a Pope, which they consider a vicar for Christ — an infallible stand-in, if you will — that heads the Church. Protestants believe no human is infallible and Jesus alone heads up the Church.

2.  Big, Fancy Cathedrals. Catholics have them; Protestants don’t. Why? Well, Catholicism says that “humanity must discover its unity and salvation”within a church. Protestants say all Christians can be saved, regardless of church membership. (Ergo… shitty, abandoned storefront churches? All Protestant.)

3. Saints. Catholics pray to saints (holy dead people) in addition to God and Jesus. Protestants acknowledge saints, but don’t pray to them. [Note: There is much debate about the use of the word “pray” in this context, so let me clarify: Saints are seen by Catholics as an intermediary to God or Jesus. Although Catholics do technically pray to saints, they are not praying for the saints to help them directly but to intervene on their behalf. They are asking the saints (in the form of a prayer) to pray for them. It’s like praying for prayers. Hope this helps.]

4.  Holy Water. Catholics only.

5. Celibacy and Nuns. Catholics only.

6. Purgatory: Catholics only.

7. Scripture: The be-all, end-all for Protestants is “the Word of God.” For Catholics, tradition is just important as scripture — maybe even more so.

8. Catechism: Protestant kids memorize the Bible. Catholic kids get catechism.

9. Authori-tay: In Catholicism, only the Roman Catholic Church has authority to interpret the Bible. Protestants hold that each individual has authority to interpret the Bible.

10. Sacraments: Catholic are the only ones to have the concept of the seven sacraments (baptism, confirmation, the Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, and matrimony). Protestants teach that salvation is attained through faith alone.

11. Holidays: Catholics have 10 Holy Days of Obligation (which mean they must go to Mass). Protestants are more like, “Just come to church onChristmas, that’s all we ask.”

12. Communion: In Catholicism, the bread and wine “become” the body and blood of Jesus Christ, meaning that Jesus is truly present on the altar. In Protestantism, the bread and wine are symbolic.

An Impossible Dream

Today i have homework; to write at least a full page in My news journal, about a famous university that i heard about before or one that i’d like to continue studying///answering the following questions!

  • What school did you choose? What will you study?
  • What is the school like? What is its size?
  • What made you choose this school?
  • What kind of programs, organizations and activities does it offer? For example, does it have many sports teams or student organizations? Which ones interest you?
  • Please add any other information you would like! If you put in the effort, I will notice and it will improve your grade!

And this is my answer :  stanford

 

 

First of all, I’d like to express My Thanks to our Teacher Mrs.L.W for this opportunity. However,
The university that i want to go for continuing my studying is Stanford University, is a private research university in Stanford, California, and one of the world’s most prestigious institutions, with the highest undergraduate selectivity and fundraising performance in the United States.However, My dream is to be a Sooftware Developer, by the way, i study computer science in an institution called Pigier , is  located in El jadida, which is near to my house, simultaneous with studying English Literature in University Chouaib doukkali.
The reasons why i chose exactly this university:  from this university there a lot of successful persons and founders of the most successful and famous companies that control the media and marketing were graduated, such as the Ex-president of united states John F. Kennedy, the famous golf player Tiger Woods, larry page ( founder of google), Yang and Filo(founders of Yahoo),founder of Nike, and founder of GAB…etc
Another reason is this university contains 19 club sports, and 37 intramural sports, which can let me do any sport i want.

 But this still a dream nothing else, to study there it costs probably 40,000 $ /  yearly !!!!!! just for the first couple years 😀

God knows about the other years !!

Life's too short to hide feelings, express how you feel. You never know if they have the same feelings.